The Supreme Court is hearing arguments about a student who was denied a scholarship because his chosen course of study was religious. One of the keys, however, is that the scholarship was denied based on the Washington's state constitution, which has a more restrictive church-state separation than does the U.S. Constitution.
While I've not looked closely at the state wording, I would point out that the Bill of Rights was written to restrict Congress. Now it's not intepreted that way, of course, but as a states-rights kind of guy I wouldn't think he would have legitimate recourse to the Federal constitution from a state restriction.
Having said all that, there's no question he's being descriminated against because of his religious beliefs and practices.
[Chicago Tribune article here.]